The town of Argos is just about 12 kms from Nafplio and is the oldest continually inhabited town in Europe having been inhabited for 6000 years. It isn't the prettiest of towns but the history is in abundance, it isn't possible to walk anywhere in Argos without stumbling upon some ancient ruins. Visit the town on a Wednesady or a Saturday and have a look around the large market which sells produce, household items and clothing and at the same time check out the museum, the agora, the two theatres and roman baths. The centre of Argos has been recently completely overhauled and the main square is now a lovely place to sit and enjoy a coffee or lunch.
Built over the Erasino river, the Church of Zoodochos Pigis is also known as the Church of Panagia Spiliotissa as half of it is built in a cave. The Erasinos River during, except for during the Summer months, forms a lake in front of the church making a beautiful scene. This cave has been inhabited from the Stone age and was again used by Kolokotronis during the revolution as a hideout and also by sheep at some time. It is when the sheep were inabitatns that the icon of the Virgin Mary was found deep in the cave and the church was built. A lovely place to visit.
Ellinikon is home to one of the many, but better preserved pyramids in Greece. Probably built around the 4th century BC, the original 70m high pyramid was possibly used as a communication tower and more than likely had a flat roof. Its ruins are well worth a visit and the views are great!
Lerna is located just around the coast from Nafplio and together with Mili has a rich history. It is probably best know for Hercules' second labour, where he killed the Lernaia Hydra, the many headed monster. Lerna was a region of springs and a former lake (the lake has since dried up) which is more than likely the reason for it becoming a popular settlement.
Lerna has one of the largest prehistoric tumuli in Greece, has history reaching back to the Neolithic times as early as the 5th millenium BC and as such has an amazing amount of ceramics that are crucial in being able to acurately date the area.
The House of Tiles is the site of a two-storey palace or administrative centre famous for the terracotta tiles that sheathed its roof (an early example of tile roofing). A strongly fortified power centre the building dates to the Early Bronze Age culture called Early Helladic, ca 2500 - 2200 BCE. The "House of the Tiles" was destroyed by fire, was not rebuilt upon, whether through respect or fear, until, at the end of the Middle Helladic period. Visit the ruins of the building and wonder how, like many other Greek monuments, have they stood the test of time.
I have visited Mycenae during my European tour with friends. We were astonished by the grandeur and the craftmanship of people who built these walls and tombs. The museum was small, but the antiquities were well presented.
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